|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2023
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
Note 6 – Debt, Net
As of June 30, 2023, the Company had $527.5 million of debt outstanding, including net deferred financing costs, with a weighted-average years to maturity of 3.4 years and a weighted-average interest rate of 4.63%. The following table summarizes the carrying value of debt as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, and the debt activity for the six months ended June 30, 2023 (in thousands):
The following table summarizes the scheduled aggregate principal repayments due on the Company’s debt outstanding as of June 30, 2023 (in thousands):
(1)As described below, the Company’s Revolving Facility is scheduled to mature on November 12, 2024 and Orion OP has an option to extend the maturity date to May 12, 2026. This table assumes exercise of the extension option.
In connection with the Separation and the Distribution, on November 12, 2021, the Company, as parent, and Orion OP, as borrower, entered into (i) a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) providing for a three-year, $425.0 million senior revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”), including a $25.0 million letter of credit sub-facility, and a two-year, $175.0 million senior term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders and issuing banks party thereto and (ii) a credit agreement (the “Bridge Credit Agreement”) providing for a six-month, $355.0 million senior bridge term loan facility (the “Bridge Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto.
In February 2022, as further described below, the Company refinanced the Bridge Facility in full with the $355.0 million CMBS Loan, and the Bridge Credit Agreement was terminated. In June 2023, as further described below, the Term Loan
Facility was repaid and retired with borrowings under the Revolving Facility and, as of June 30, 2023, $175.0 million of principal amount was outstanding under the Revolving Facility with $250.0 million available for future borrowings thereunder, including the $25.0 million letter of credit sub-facility.
The Company and Orion OP have entered into two amendments to the Credit Agreement. The purpose of the first amendment entered into in December 2022 was to change the benchmark rate for borrowings under the Credit Agreement from LIBOR to SOFR (the secured overnight financing rate as administered by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York). The purpose of the second amendment entered into in June 2023 was to repay and retire $175.0 million of outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Facility with borrowings from the Revolving Facility which was undrawn at the time of the second amendment, provide Orion OP with the option to extend the maturity of the Revolving Facility for an additional 18 months to May 12, 2026 from November 12, 2024 and to effect certain other modifications. The extension option may be exercised beginning on May 16, 2024 and is subject to customary conditions including there being no default or event of default and the payment of an extension fee.
Giving effect to the amendments described above, the interest rate applicable to the loans under the Revolving Facility may be determined, at the election of Orion OP, on the basis of Daily Simple SOFR, Term SOFR or a base rate, in the case of a SOFR loan, plus a SOFR adjustment of 0.10% per annum, and in the case of a SOFR loan or a base rate loan, plus an applicable margin of 3.25% for SOFR loans and 2.25% for base rate loans. Loans under the Revolving Facility may be prepaid, and unused commitments under the Revolving Facility may be reduced, at any time, in whole or in part, by Orion OP, without premium or penalty (except for SOFR breakage costs).
In December 2022, the Company entered into interest rate swap agreements with an aggregate notional amount of $175.0 million, which has effectively fixed the interest rate on $175.0 million of principal under the Revolving Facility at 3.92% per annum until November 12, 2023.
To the extent that amounts under the Revolving Facility remain unused, Orion OP is required to pay a quarterly commitment fee on the unused portion of the Revolving Facility in an amount equal to 0.25% per annum of the unused portion of the Revolving Facility.
The Revolving Facility is guaranteed pursuant to a guaranty by the Company and, subject to certain exceptions, substantially all of Orion OP’s existing and future subsidiaries (including substantially all of its subsidiaries that directly or indirectly own unencumbered real properties), other than certain joint ventures and subsidiaries that own real properties subject to certain other indebtedness (such subsidiaries of Orion OP, the “Subsidiary Guarantors”).
The Revolving Facility is secured by, among other things, first priority pledges of the equity interests in the Subsidiary Guarantors.
The Revolving Facility requires that Orion OP comply with various covenants, including covenants restricting, subject to certain exceptions, liens, investments, mergers, asset sales and the payment of certain dividends. Pursuant to the second amendment described above, if, on any day, Orion OP has unrestricted cash and cash equivalents in excess of $25.0 million (excluding amounts that are then designated for application or use and are subsequently used for such purposes within 30 days), Orion OP will use (or, under certain circumstances, set aside in an escrow account established by the administrative agent) such excess amount to prepay loans under the Revolving Facility, without premium or penalty and without any reduction in the lenders’ commitment under the Revolving Facility. Following June 30, 2023, the Company deposited $28.0 million of its cash on hand into an escrow account with the administrative agent under the Revolving Facility as additional cash collateral. These funds will, in accordance with Orion OP’s obligations described above, be used to prepay borrowings under the Revolving Facility upon the scheduled expiration in November 2023 (or earlier termination) of the Company’s interest rate swap agreements with respect to $175.0 million of borrowings thereunder.
In addition, the Revolving Facility giving effect to the modifications pursuant to the second amendment described above, requires that Orion OP satisfy the following financial covenants:
•ratio of total debt to total asset value of not more than 0.60 to 1.00;
•ratio of adjusted EBITDA to fixed charges of not less than 1.50 to 1.00;
•ratio of secured debt to total asset value of not more than 0.40 to 1.00;
•ratio of unsecured debt to unencumbered asset value of not more than 0.60 to 1.00;
•ratio of net operating income from all unencumbered real properties to unsecured interest expense of not less than 2.00 to 1.00; and
•the unencumbered asset value maintained by Orion OP must be at least $600.0 million.
Pursuant to the second amendment described above, if the ratio of unsecured debt to unencumbered asset value exceeds 0.35 to 1.00 as of the end of two consecutive fiscal quarters, Orion OP will be required, within 90 days and subject to cure rights, to grant the administrative agent a first priority lien on all the properties included in the pool of unencumbered assets (other than properties identified for disposition by the Company so long as such properties are sold within one year of such identification).
As of June 30, 2023, Orion OP was in compliance with these financial covenants.
The Revolving Facility includes customary representations and warranties of the Company and Orion OP, which must be true and correct in all material respects as a condition to future extensions of credit under the Revolving Facility. The Revolving Facility also includes customary events of default, the occurrence of which, following any applicable grace period, would permit the lenders to, among other things, declare the principal, accrued interest and other obligations of Orion OP under the Revolving Facility to be immediately due and payable and foreclose on the collateral securing the Revolving Facility.
On February 10, 2022, certain indirect subsidiaries of the Company (the “Mortgage Borrowers”) obtained a $355.0 million fixed rate mortgage loan (the “CMBS Loan”) from Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (together with its successor, the “Lender”), which is secured by the Mortgage Borrowers’ fee simple or ground lease interests in 19 properties owned indirectly by the Company (collectively, the “Mortgaged Properties”). During March 2022, Wells Fargo effected a securitization of the CMBS Loan. The CMBS Loan bears interest at a fixed rate of 4.971% per annum and matures on February 11, 2027.
The CMBS Loan requires monthly payments of interest only and all principal is due at maturity. The proceeds of the CMBS Loan were used to repay the Bridge Facility. Upon closing of the CMBS Loan, the Mortgage Borrowers funded $35.5 million of loan reserves primarily for future rent concessions and tenant improvement allowances under the leases with respect to the 19 Mortgaged Properties. These amounts, as well as the transaction expenses incurred in connection with the CMBS Loan, were funded with cash on hand and borrowings under the Company’s Revolving Facility.
The CMBS Loan is secured by, among other things, first priority mortgages and deeds of trust granted by the Mortgage Borrowers and encumbering the Mortgaged Properties.
The CMBS Loan is generally not freely prepayable by the Mortgage Borrowers without payment of certain prepayment premiums and costs. The CMBS Loan may be prepaid in whole, but not in part, except as provided in the loan agreement governing the CMBS Loan (the “CMBS Loan Agreement”), at any time following the Prepayment Lockout Release Date (as defined in the CMBS Loan Agreement) (generally in March 2024, two years after the CMBS Loan has been fully securitized), subject to the payment of a yield maintenance premium and the satisfaction of other terms and conditions set forth in the CMBS Loan Agreement. Further, releases of individual properties are permitted in connection with an arms’ length third party sale upon repayment of the Release Price (as defined in the CMBS Loan Agreement) for the applicable individual property and subject to payment of the applicable yield maintenance premium and the satisfaction of other terms and conditions set forth in the CMBS Loan Agreement.
The CMBS Loan Agreement also contains customary cash management provisions, including certain trigger events (such as failure of the Mortgage Borrowers to satisfy a minimum debt yield) which allow the Lender to retain any excess cash flow as additional collateral for the Loan, until such trigger event is cured.
In connection with the CMBS Loan Agreement, the Company (as the guarantor) delivered a customary non-recourse carveout guaranty to the Lender (the “Guaranty”), under which the Company guaranteed the obligations and liabilities of the Mortgage Borrowers to the Lender with respect to certain non-recourse carveout events and the circumstances under which the CMBS Loan will be fully recourse to the Mortgage Borrowers, and which includes requirements for the Company to maintain a net worth of no less than $355.0 million and liquid assets of no less than $10.0 million, in each case, exclusive of the values of the collateral for the CMBS Loan. As of June 30, 2023, the Company was in compliance with these financial covenants.
The Mortgage Borrowers and the Company also provided a customary environmental indemnity agreement, pursuant to which the Mortgage Borrowers and the Company agreed to protect, defend, indemnify, release and hold harmless the Lender from and against certain environmental liabilities relating to the Mortgaged Properties.
The CMBS Loan Agreement includes customary representations, warranties and covenants of the Mortgage Borrowers and the Company. The CMBS Loan Agreement also includes customary events of default, the occurrence of which, following any
applicable grace period, would permit the Lender to, among other things, declare the principal, accrued interest and other obligations of the Mortgage Borrowers to be immediately due and payable and foreclose on the Mortgaged Properties.
The Company’s mortgages payable consisted of the following as of June 30, 2023 (dollars in thousands):
(1)Net carrying value is real estate assets, including right-of-use assets, net of real estate liabilities.The table above does not include mortgage notes associated with the Arch Street Joint Venture of $136.7 million as of June 30, 2023
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef