Orion Office REIT, Debt, Net
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
Note 6 – Debt, Net
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had $526.0 million of debt outstanding, including net deferred financing costs, with a weighted-average years to maturity of 3.0 years and a weighted-average interest rate of 4.38%. The following table summarizes the carrying value of debt as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the debt activity for the year ended December 31, 2022 (in thousands):
The following table summarizes the scheduled aggregate principal repayments due on the Company’s debt outstanding as of December 31, 2022 (in thousands):
In connection with the Separation and the Distribution, on November 12, 2021, the Company, as parent, and Orion OP, as borrower, entered into (i) a credit agreement (the “Revolver/Term Loan Credit Agreement”) providing for a three-year, $425 million senior revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”), including a $25 million letter of credit sub-facility, and a two-year, $175.0 million senior term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility,” and together with the Revolving Facility, the “Revolver/Term Loan Facilities”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders and issuing banks party thereto and (ii) a credit agreement (the “Bridge Credit Agreement,” and together with the Revolver/Term Loan Credit Agreement, the “Credit Agreements”) providing for a 6-month, $355.0 million senior bridge term loan facility (the “Bridge Facility,” and together with the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities, the “Facilities”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto. The Term Loan Facility is scheduled to mature on November 12, 2023, and the Revolving Facility is scheduled to mature on November 12, 2024. The Company expects to extend, repay or refinance (or some combination of the foregoing) the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities on or prior to maturity. The Company has sufficient available capacity under the Revolving Facility to repay the Term Loan Facility, if needed.
On November 12, 2021, Orion OP borrowed $90.0 million under the Revolving Facility, and each of the Term Loan Facility and the Bridge Facility was fully drawn. Approximately $595.0 million of the net proceeds of the Facilities was distributed by the Company to Realty Income in accordance with the Separation and Distribution Agreement. Orion OP retained the remaining net proceeds of such borrowings as working capital for the general corporate purposes of the Company, Orion OP and Orion OP’s subsidiaries. In February 2022, as further described below, the Company refinanced the Bridge Facility in full with the $355.0 million CMBS Loan, and the Bridge Credit Agreement was terminated. As of December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any borrowings under the Revolving Facility and, therefore, had $425.0 million of availability under the Revolving Facility.
The interest rate applicable to the loans under the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities was initially determined, at the election of Orion OP, on the basis of LIBOR or a base rate, in either case, plus an applicable margin. On December 1, 2022, the Company, as parent, and Orion OP, as borrower, entered into that certain First Amendment to the Revolver/Term Loan Credit Agreement (the “Amendment”). The Amendment, among other things, (i) changed the benchmark rate under the Revolver/Term Loan Credit Agreement for borrowings from LIBOR to SOFR (the secured overnight financing rate as administered by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York), subject to certain adjustments specified in the Revolver/Term Loan Credit Agreement, and (ii) updated certain other provisions regarding successor interest rates to LIBOR. Following the effectiveness of the Amendment, the interest rate applicable to the loans under the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities may be determined, at the election of Orion OP, on the basis of Daily Simple SOFR, Term SOFR or a base rate, in the case of a SOFR loan, plus a SOFR adjustment of 0.10% per annum, and in the case of a SOFR loan or a base rate loan, plus an applicable margin. This applicable margin was not adjusted as a result of the Amendment other than the change from LIBOR to SOFR and is now (1) in the case of the Revolving Facility, 2.50% for SOFR loans and 1.50% for base rate loans, and (2) in the case of the Term Loan Facility, 2.50% for SOFR loans and 1.50% for base rate loans. Loans under the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities may be prepaid, and unused commitments under the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities may be reduced, at any time, in whole or in part, without premium or penalty (except for LIBOR breakage costs).
To the extent that amounts under the Revolving Facility remain unused, Orion OP is required to pay a quarterly commitment fee on the unused portion of the Revolving Facility in an amount equal to 0.25% per annum of the unused portion of the Revolving Facility.
The Revolver/Term Loan Facilities are guaranteed pursuant to a Guaranty (the “Revolver/Term Loan Guaranty”) by the Company and, subject to certain exceptions, substantially all of Orion OP’s existing and future subsidiaries (including
substantially all of its subsidiaries that directly or indirectly own unencumbered real properties), other than certain joint ventures and subsidiaries that own real properties subject to certain other indebtedness (such subsidiaries of Orion OP, the “Subsidiary Guarantors”).
The Revolver/Term Loan Facilities are secured by, among other things, first priority pledges of the equity interests in the Subsidiary Guarantors.
The Revolver/Term Loan Facilities require that Orion OP comply with various covenants, including, covenants restricting, subject to certain exceptions, liens, investments, mergers, asset sales and the payment of certain dividends. In addition, the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities require that Orion OP satisfy the following financial covenants:
•ratio of total debt to total asset value of not more than 0.60 to 1.00;
•ratio of adjusted EBITDA to fixed charges of not less than 1.50 to 1.00;
•ratio of secured debt to total asset value of not more than 0.45 to 1.00;
•ratio of unsecured debt to unencumbered asset value of not more than 0.60 to 1.00; and
•ratio of net operating income from all unencumbered real properties to unsecured interest expense of not less than 2.00 to 1.00.
As of December 31, 2022, Orion OP was in compliance with these financial covenants.
The Revolver/Term Loan Facilities include customary representations and warranties of the Company and Orion OP, which must be true and correct in all material respects as a condition to future extensions of credit under the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities. The Revolver/Term Loan Facilities also include customary events of default, the occurrence of which, following any applicable grace period, would permit the lenders to, among other things, declare the principal, accrued interest and other obligations of Orion OP under the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities to be immediately due and payable and foreclose on the collateral securing the Revolver/Term Loan Facilities.
On February 10, 2022, certain indirect subsidiaries of the Company (the “Mortgage Borrowers”) obtained a $355.0 million fixed rate mortgage loan (the “CMBS Loan”) from Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (together with its successor, the “Lender”), which is secured by the Mortgage Borrowers’ fee simple or ground lease interests in 19 properties owned indirectly by the Company (collectively, the “Mortgaged Properties”). During March 2022, Wells Fargo effected a securitization of the CMBS Loan. The CMBS Loan bears interest at a fixed rate of 4.971% per annum and matures on February 11, 2027.
The CMBS Loan requires monthly payments of interest only and all principal is due at maturity. The proceeds of the CMBS Loan were used to repay the Bridge Facility. Upon closing of the CMBS Loan, the Mortgage Borrowers funded $35.5 million of loan reserves primarily for future rent concessions and tenant improvement allowances under the leases with respect to the 19 Mortgaged Properties. These amounts, as well as the transaction expenses incurred in connection with the CMBS Loan, were funded with cash on hand and borrowings under the Company’s Revolving Facility.
The CMBS Loan is secured by, among other things, first priority mortgages and deeds of trust granted by the Mortgage Borrowers and encumbering the Mortgaged Properties.
The CMBS Loan is generally not freely prepayable by the Mortgage Borrowers without payment of certain prepayment premiums and costs. The CMBS Loan may be prepaid in whole, but not in part, except as provided in the loan agreement governing the CMBS Loan (the “CMBS Loan Agreement”), at any time following the Prepayment Lockout Release Date (as defined in the CMBS Loan Agreement) (generally in March 2024, two years after the CMBS Loan has been fully securitized), subject to the payment of a yield maintenance premium and the satisfaction of other terms and conditions set forth in the CMBS Loan Agreement. Further, releases of individual properties are permitted in connection with an arms’ length third party sale upon repayment of the Release Price (as defined in the CMBS Loan Agreement) for the applicable individual property and subject to payment of the applicable yield maintenance premium and the satisfaction of other terms and conditions set forth in the CMBS Loan Agreement.
The CMBS Loan Agreement also contains customary cash management provisions, including certain trigger events (such as failure of the Mortgage Borrowers to satisfy a minimum debt yield) which allow the Lender to retain any excess cash flow as additional collateral for the Loan, until such trigger event is cured.
In connection with the CMBS Loan Agreement, the Company (as the guarantor) delivered a customary non-recourse carveout guaranty to the Lender (the “Guaranty”), under which the Company guaranteed the obligations and liabilities of the Mortgage Borrowers to the Lender with respect to certain non-recourse carveout events and the circumstances under which the CMBS Loan will be fully recourse to the Mortgage Borrowers, and which includes requirements for the Company to maintain a net worth of no less than $355.0 million and liquid assets of no less than $10.0 million, in each case, exclusive of the values of the collateral for the CMBS Loan. As of December 31, 2022, the Company was in compliance with these financial covenants.
The Mortgage Borrowers and the Company also provided a customary environmental indemnity agreement, pursuant to which the Mortgage Borrowers and the Company agreed to protect, defend, indemnify, release and hold harmless the Lender from and against certain environmental liabilities relating to the Mortgaged Properties.
The CMBS Loan Agreement includes customary representations, warranties and covenants of the Mortgage Borrowers and the Company. The CMBS Loan Agreement also includes customary events of default, the occurrence of which, following any applicable grace period, would permit the Lender to, among other things, declare the principal, accrued interest and other obligations of the Mortgage Borrowers to be immediately due and payable and foreclose on the Mortgaged Properties.
The Company’s mortgages payable consisted of the following as of December 31, 2022 (dollars in thousands):
(1)Net carrying value is real estate assets, including right-of-use assets, net of real estate liabilities.
The table above does not include mortgage notes associated with the Arch Street Joint Venture of $136.7 million as of December 31, 2022.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef